INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU STATE
Keywords:School environment, school location, teacher quality, school facilities, academic performance
The study focused on the influence of school environment on the academic performance of students of public secondary schools in Enugu State. The study was guided by three research questions and three null hypotheses. The study covered 314 secondary schools in Enugu State. The population of the study comprised 9529 teachers and 18,019 SSII students in Enugu Education zones. 5 % of the population of teachers which is 477 and 5% of the population of SSII students which is 901 were used as respondents of the study. Thus, a sample size of 1378 respondents were used for the study. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was employed to sample 1378 respondents from the area of the study. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. A researcher developed questionnaire validated by three experts was used. The final reliability index of the instrument using Cronbach Alpha reliability formular is 0.90. Mean and standard deviation were used to provide answers to the three research questions while t-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance was used to test the three null hypotheses. A review of empirical studies was carried out to guide the researcher into previous studies in the area and also to provide the researcher with theoretical base. A 38 item questionnaire was used to get information from the respondents. The findings revealed that school location, teacher quality, school facility influences students’ academic performance. It was equally found out that there is no significant difference between the mean opinion scores of teachers and students on the extent to which school location influences students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Enugu State. Based on the above, it was recommended that government and communities should ensure that students have access to schools located near the area of their residence. It was also recommended that teachers should be trained and retrained to meet up with the global trend in education. Again, government and stakeholders should provide schools with functional facilities to help teachers and students to be more effective.