WORK IRRATIONAL BELIEFS AS CORRELATES OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AMONG PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN AGBANI EDUCATION ZONE OF ENUGU STATE
Keywords:Work, Irrational Reliefs, Occupational Stress, Teachers
This study focused on work irrational beliefs as correlates of occupational stress among public primary school teachers in Agbani Education Zone of Enugu State. The study adopted a correlation survey design to investigate what relationship exists between work irrational beliefs and occupational stress among public primary schools in Enugu. The population of the study comprised all the 178 public primary schools and a population of 1704 teachers ( 222 male and 1,682 female teachers) in the public primary schools in Agbani Educational Zone of Enugu State. The sample of the study comprised 331 primary school teachers in Agbani Educational Zone, comprised of 107 male and 224 female, the sample was determined using Taro Yamen sampling formula. The instruments used for collecting data were two structured questionnaires titled “Teachers Work Irrational Beliefs Questionnaire (TWIBQ) and Teachers Occupational Stress Questionnaire (TOSQ). The instruments were validated by two experts in Guidance and Counselling in the Department of Educational Foundations and one expert in Measurement and Evaluation in the Department of Science Education, all from the faculty of Education in University of Nigeria Nsukka. The instruments were administered to the participants by the researcher and the research assistants and the data collected were analyzed with respect to research questions and hypotheses. Research questionnaire were answered using simple linear regression while the hypothesis 1-4 were tested using ANOVA and hypothesis 5 was tested using t-test, all at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that the correlation between demandingness and work stress among public primary school teachers is low at 0.112 with coefficient of determination of 0.013, the correlation between awfulizing behavior and work stress among public primary schools is moderate at 0.442 with a coefficient of 0.195. Further, the correlation between low frustration tolerance and occupational stress among public primary schools is moderate at 0.404 with a coefficient determination of 0.163 and finally the correlation between self-depreciation and occupational stress among public primary school teachers is very low at 0.029 with coefficient of 0.001. Based on the above findings, the researcher recommends that school counsellors should offer assistance to teachers and they should take into consideration teachers irrational beliefs so that they can modify their dysfunctional thoughts. Workshops and seminars should be organized for teachers so that they can understand how to cope with their student and cope with their irrational beliefs.